Mikhail Bakhtins idea on language has been found useful in thinking about nature of novelistic prose. For Bakhtin it was useless and meaningless to theorize meaning in term of definitions in a dictionary. It is only the linguistic context in which word used to produces its meaning. Bakhtin uses the term ‘dialogic’ to carry this idea of words as essentially interactive. He believes that every any language as dialogic of voices: those of different genders, classes, and profession. This term for this blending of genres is ‘hybridization’. Bakhtin claims that the novel was developed as a way of artistically orchestrating these voices. The form of the novel inherently dialogic, in Bakhtin’s term the admixture of genres within the novel Jane Eyre for Charlotte Bronte makes it hybrid novel of enormous originality. In the hybrid novel, no genre never ever dominates exclusively. Now we shall talk about Dialogism and Hybridity in Novels and see how these elements can be observed if Jane Eyre’s context. (Correa and Davies, 90)
In Jane Eyre there is plenty of voices we can see within her life from beginning till the end of the novel, voices which are from her eyes are perspective and the visual provides much more for her fancy as well as her judgment. She experiences affection and veneration, love and passion, conscience and value and from listing to her inner voice and the surround voice. The role of listing to the voices in Jane Eyre were shaped fist from Jane’s development particularly with respect to her inner voice and, second, in her solicitation with Rochester and her rejection of St.Rivers.
Jane’s childhood at Gateshead is a period of loneliness, and her utter isolation from her family. Jane receive no physical affection from her family, indeed she receives hostility. Jane the orphan child experiences her social horizon through her separation from the center or social life : the red room, listing to the voices from that room is her only way and connection with the social world beyond her grasp. the first expression of her voice of judgment is indicated by her response to Bessie’s description: “‘I should indeed like to go to school’ was the audible conclusion of my musings” (p. 19). Jane describes how children have feelings, but she fault to analyze those feeling, she try to explain her own behavior because its not allowed to act in that way in Victorian era, and coming up with excuses for her future outburst with Mr.Reed. this is Jane’s grown up voice looking back on the situation and leading the reader through the thoughts of little Jane Eyre. The most important voice in the novel and most strike one is Jane’s voice herself, who tells her own life story. If we read without that voice and familiarity it provides for the reader, gullibility would be high-strung.
Charlotte Bronte provides four kinds of genres in her novel Jane Eyre, the Gothic genre (used through building style as gothic with isolated and freighting atmosphere and characters like ghosts and supernatural being. The Romance genre (utilizes the love and passion, represent the notion of lovers). And the Bildungsroman (This is a novel which tells the story of a hero or heroine’s ‘moral growth’ from childhood to adult life). The Victorian novel genre depicts social issues with characters representing different economic and social classes as well as gender differences. (Correa and Davies, 71)
Jane was living in the nineteenth century a time when ‘fear of the intellectual woman became so intense that the phenomenon . . . was recorded in medical annals’. When Jane becomes a governess at Thornfield, she meets her master and the owner Mr. Rochester, suddenly she fallen In love with him and decide to married him and to be her wife even she knows and recognized that such union in between governess and reach gentleman was forbidden from proper society. She reminds herself of the male’s privilege and her lowliness when she thought to herself, ‘don’t make [Mr. Rochester] the object of your fine feelings, your raptures, agonies, and so forth. He is not of your order: keep to your caste; and be too self-respecting to lavish the love of the whole heart, soul, and strength, where such a gift is not wanted and would be despised’ (Brontë 239).
Jane Eyre was a novel as much loved for its realist elements and its psychological power and it was the most popular literary form in Victorian era. Some critics viewed this novel as social dangers novel, in fact Jane Eyre is a novel with passionate individual at its body has tended to reflect readers from the extent in which deals with social issues. Jane Eyre illustrated many of defining characteristics: social comment and relevance and the narrative of inner thoughts. Jane Eyre is a Bildungsroman in which the heroine’s aspirations are set against the pressure and expectation of society. Jane Eyre is belong to the genre of Gothic novel, which narrate fantastic and supernatural tale, Bertha’s screaming and tearing (The peculiar sound produced by her mad ravings contributes to the atmosphere of mystery and suspense in the novel) of the wedding day for instance, symbolizes Mr.Rochster’s betrayal of both his real wife and Jane. (Correa and Davies, 93)
In many Gothic novels, like Jane Eyre , the reader comes with crazy wife (Bertha Rochester) locked in the top of the attic of the house. The exotic sound produced by her mad ravings contributes to the atmosphere and suspense in the novel.
However we can find also another feature of Gothic use is the supernatural. There is no exists of ghosts in Jane Eyre but in every phrase on Jane’s life is preceded by her imagination of supernatural visitation from other world. The climactic supernatural moment in the novel occurs when Jane and Rochester have a telepathic connection.
Jane Eyre has been called a new type of Gothic connotations romance love story on account and use of poetic symbolism in the novel, The chestnut tree splitting into two serves as a symbol for the separation of Jane and Mr. Rochester. (Correa and Davies, 93)
The governess was an extremely popular subject for fiction. Governess novel tended to represent one of two basic patterns: ‘romantic’ or ‘providential’. Both modes are provides a realist, domestic form of fiction. In novels of romantic type, the governess’s are recognized by a gentleman, and the novel end up with their marriage, for example what happen in Jane Eyre novel that Mr. Rochester marred Jane in the end of the novel. The main role of the governess was to teach and being caretaker of the children. In the novel Jane Eyre, the role of the governess is well represented as Jane is humble and submissive, she has to teach and take care of Adele and her social status is above servants but below her master. (Correa and Davies, 86)
In specific sense, Jane Eyre is becoming romance because it is a love story because is describes the desires of the protagonist and of the reader. The Moor House section in the novel represents and contains elements of romance: Jane’s search for a home and sense of belonging and discovered of her inheritance the blood relations in Rives family. In addition of Jane’s relationship with Rochester (love relationship), Thornfield and Bertha where romance is a crystal clear feature. (Correa and Davies, 89)
In Jane Eyre, the characters portray the gender role clearly expected of males and females in the past (Victorian era).characteristics and personalities expected of males and females are demonstrated by Jane and Mr. Rochester, while Bertha the contradictory of Jane represented by the gender balance and must be detached by society. In 19th-century England, gender roles strongly influenced people’s behavior and identities; Jane Eyre is representing the predicament of women in the nineteenth century. Jane has intractable battle to become independent for her personal qualities. She faces with many kinds of men for do not show any respectable to the women gender as their equals, for example: Mr. Rochester and St. John all attempt to command women.
Jane becomes the eyes and even the ‘words’ of the blinded Rochester, reading both books and the natural world in his behalf (3.12, p.450). this quotation might emphasis that Jane is taking control of the completion of her own narrative, now she is the controller in their life, Bronte indicate the exchanging of gender role and the twist of it by Jane’s holding Rochester’s hand as prop and guide. (Correa and Davies, 90).
The end of the novel is complex and complicated; however it suggested identical variety of critical interpretation. Until the end of the novel, we rarely see the conformist Jane. The novel described the ten years of her marriage and the eight years at Lowood which she shown a protestant character. We can recognize also the rebellious Jane all over the novel. In addition the novel described ways on which of supporting for individual and social rebellion conformity.